A tension headache is the most common type of headache. It can cause mild, moderate, or intense pain in your head, neck, and behind your eyes. Some patients say that a tension headache feels like a tight band around their forehead.
The majority of people who suffer from tension headaches have episodic headaches, which occur one or two times per month on average. However, tension headaches can also be chronic. Women are twice as likely to suffer from tension headaches as men.
Tension headaches are caused by muscle contractions in the head and neck regions. A variety of foods, activities, and stressors can cause these types of contractions. Some people develop tension headaches after staring at a computer screen for a long time or after driving for long periods. Cold temperatures may also trigger a tension headache. The most common cause of tension headaches is a poor posture.
Symptoms of a tension headache include:
- dull head pain
- pressure around the forehead
- tenderness around the forehead and scalp
The pain is usually mild or moderate, but it can also be intense. In this case, you might confuse your tension headache with a migraine, which is a type of headache that causes throbbing pain on one or both sides of your head. However, tension headaches don’t cause all the symptoms of migraines, such as nausea and vomiting. In rare cases, a tension headache can cause sensitivity to light and loud noise, similar to migraines.
Preventing further tension headaches:-
Since tension headaches are often caused by specific triggers, identifying the factors that cause your headaches is one way to prevent future episodes.
A headache diary will help you determine the cause of your tension headaches. You can keep a record of your daily meals, beverages, and activities, as well as any situations that trigger stress. For each day that you have a tension headache, make a note of it. After several weeks or months, you may be able to make a connection. For example, if your journal shows that headaches occurred on days when you were working on the computer for longer than normal than this would be your trigger.
Massage techniques and joint manipulations administered can a very effective treatment for tension headaches. Physiotherapists can then use a range of techniques to restore movement and help maintain good posture in the upper spine. They can quickly provide short-term symptom relief but also help you identify triggers in day to day life that could be causing the headaches.
Headache sufferers can achieve longer lasting effects by working with their physiotherapist on lifestyle adjustments. In some instances, a structured exercise programme may also help address muscle imbalances. If you spend long periods of time at a desk, on the tube, or using smart phones, your physiotherapist may suggest a desk assessment or provide you with vital postural advice and correctional techniques.