Piriformis Syndrome

What is Piriformis Syndrome?

Piriformis syndrome is a condition in which the muscle, located in the buttock region, spasms and causes buttock pain. The piriformis muscle can also irritate the nearby sciatic nerve and cause pain, numbness and tingling along the back of the leg and into the foot.


The exact cause of piriformis syndrome is unknown. Suspected causes are:

  • Muscles spasm in the piriformis muscle either because of irritation in the muscle itself or nearby structure as the sacroiliac joint or hip.
  • Tightening of the muscle due to injury
  • Swelling of the piriformis muscle
  • Bleeding in the area of the piriformis muscle


Most commonly patients report acute tenderness in the buttock and sciatic-like pain down the back of the thigh, calf and foot. Typical symptoms are:

  • Pain down back of thigh, calf and foot
  • Dull ache in buttocks
  • Pain when walking upstairs or inclines
  • Increased pain after prolonged sitting
  • Reduced range of motion in the hip joint

Symptoms may become worse after prolonged sitting, walking or running, and may feel better after lying down on the back.

Piriformis Syndrome


Here at Swinton Physiotherapy a physiotherapist will conduct a detailed and precise assessment in order to correctly diagnose the problem which could appear to be something else. For example a hamstring strain or sacroiliac joint dysfunction. A hands on approach will be used from the first session in order to get a reduction on pain or associated symptoms immediately.

If you have any of the above symptoms or would just like some more information don’t hesitate to contact Jonathan or Alex at Swinton Physiotherapy on 0161 7936821 or admin@swintonphysiotherapy.co.uk

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